The 23rd Psalm: A Bible Study and Commentary


What can we learn today from the 23rd Psalm that was written thousands of years ago?

Psalm 23: 1

I want to go through one of the most popular and well-known chapters in the whole Bible. This is the 23rd Psalm, written by Kind David and reflects the experiences of a man who had passed through many valleys and had constant shadows of death enveloping him, yet he knew in the end that he would be living in the house. of the Lord forever. David writes that the Lord is his Shepherd, so for those who have not put their trust in Christ, he is not their Shepherd. Unless he is your Savior, he is not your Shepherd. If He is not your Savior, then He will be your Judge someday (Rev 20). When the Lord is my Shepherd, we will not lack for nothing because He alone can bring satisfaction and I find that my satisfaction is in Him not in things, so why should I lack anything when I have everything in Him?

What experiences was David writing about?

Tell us about your own experience of the “valley of the shadow of death” in your life.

What “want” is David talking about when he writes “I don’t want? “

Psalm 23: 2

In this part of the 23rd Psalm, David writes, “He makes me lie down in the green pastures. He leads me to the edge of calm waters “ (Psalm 23: 2) It is almost as if the Good Shepherd makes him lie down in green pastures, as if the sheep do not have enough common sense to move to greener pastures without being led. Because sheep are afraid of moving water, the importance of “calm waters” is not lost in David’s thoughts. He knows that he does not always follow God’s example and does not always know where to feed on the greener pastures. Sheep are known to stay in one place until they start to eat down to the roots, destroying the pasture, and sheep are the most defenseless animals there is. They cannot defend themselves, they cannot run fast, and if they are afraid they can even have heart attacks, and a sheep that gets into water can drown because its wool acts like a sponge, so needless to say that sheep may not swim.

What are the “still waters” in your life?

Why does David say he needed to be led to green pastures?

Why does David write that God leads him “beside still waters” instead of “to still waters?

Psalm 23: 3

Kind David continues in this special Psalm by writing “He restores my soul; He leads me in the paths of righteousness because of his name “ (Psalm 23: 3) and David’s point is that it is God alone who restores our soul and he needed it because we were dead in sins (Eph 2: 1-1) and needed to be quickened (or made alive) by the Spirit of God. The word for “restore” in Hebrew is “shuwb” and it means “to go back” or “to go back” and it sounds a lot like repentance, but the point is that David knew who deserved the credit of restoring his soul, and he it was not him, but God. Then God leads him in the paths of righteousness, which Jesus gives in our name (2 Cor 5:21), so in effect he leads us in the paths of righteousness and it is “because of his name. And not ours. We don’t have enough common sense to find the right path, but God, through Jesus Christ, leads us on the path of righteousness, which leads to eternal life in Christ.

Was David referring to his salvation or to the path that God wants him to write down, “Is he leading me in the paths of righteousness?”

What does it mean to you that God “restores” the soul?

Is this talking about eternal life or physical needs?

Psalm 23: 4

David writes, “Even though I walk in the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no harm, for you are with me; your cane and your stick, they comfort me, then David tells us that he was in the shadow of death when he fled from King Saul who continually wanted to kill him. He still feared no harm because he knew God was with him, but the Good Shepherd like a rod and a stick, and these are used for different things. My uncle is a sheep farmer and he says the rod was used to discipline rebellious sheep and get them back on the right track … the path that leads to greener pastures while the stick, which has a crook on it, can be used to pull sheep by the neck when they go the wrong way and resist the shepherd, so the rod is used for sheep as well as the stick, but the rod also keeps predators away and is used to defend sheep life .

How are we like sheep (Isaiah 53: 6)?

Why did David say he was in “the valley of the shadow of death?

What is the difference between a shadow and the thing that casts the shadow?

Can you say in your heart, “I go fear no harm, because you are with me?

What does this sentence mean?

Psalm 23: 5

David wrote, “You are preparing a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint my head with oil; my cup is overflowing “ (Psalm 23: 5), so God has prepared something for us… and this is perhaps a vague reference to the great banquet to come in the kingdom, which is the Wedding Feast of the Lamb of God when the Bridegroom, Jesus Christ, marry his Bride, the church. Many who believe to be the children of Abraham did not understand in Jesus’ time that it is not about race but about the grace of God, and that the kingdom will be made up of every nation, tribe. and language. God’s anointing on David’s head with oil may represent the Holy Spirit and his overflowing cup is a reference to the custom of the ancient Israelites that when a guest comes they keep the overflowing cup, which means they can stay on as long as the cup is overflowing or filled to the brim to the point of overflowing the cup.

What part of your life seems to be “overflowing?” “

Who are the “enemies” of whom David speaks?

Why is a table prepared for us and before his enemies?

Psalm 23: 6

In the very last verse of Psalm 23, David writes: “Certainly, goodness and mercy will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell forever in the house of the Lord. “ so goodness and mercy will follow me and you, even when we get out of the way. The word “surely” means “with certainty” and this goodness and mercy remains with us even when we do not deserve it. For me, mercy is where I don’t get what I deserve and His kindness or grace is what I get but don’t deserve. With this you and I will dwell with the Lord forever because we have eternal life as we were born from above (John 3: 3), so this means that I will not have to die but once again . I have heard that if a person is born once they will die twice, but if they are born twice they will only die once. This second birth comes from above and since this second birth is promised to all who believe in Him. Those who do will abide or live with Him forever. The Lord is my Shepherd. Is he yours? If He isn’t, then He’ll be your Judge. Decide today, if you haven’t already, to make Him your Shepherd. Then “kindness and mercy” will surely follow you in this life and in the life to come.

Why does David say that “goodness and mercy” follow him?

What is the home we will live in that David spoke of for those who put their trust in Christ?

What does the “goodness” of God represent?

How is God’s mercy manifested to us who believe?

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack Wellman is the pastor of Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is also the host of Spiritual fitness and senior writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage and energize Christians and answer questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Teaching Children the Gospel available on Amazon.


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