Here is a Bible study, commentary, and summary of Romans chapter fifteen.
Romans 15: 1-3 “We who are strong have an obligation to endure the weaknesses of the weak and not to please ourselves. May each of us please our neighbor for his good, to build him up. For Christ did not please himself, but as it is written: “The insults of those who reviled you fell on me.
As Paul prepares to close the letter to the Romans, he wants to stress that those of us who are strong should feel obligated to help those who are weak. I don’t think he’s talking about physical strength but maybe financial or spiritual support. Who is our neighbor? Our neighbor is everyone we meet and we must love our neighbor as ourselves, especially since the reproaches from God that we deserved as sinners fell on Christ who deserved nothing because he was without. peach. How can we not help edify others when we ourselves have been spared by God and had nothing to do with us (Eph 2: 8-9)?
Who is our neighbor today?
What did Paul mean by “We who are strong?”
How strongly was Paul writing?
What are “reproaches?”
Romans 15: 4 “For everything that was written of old was written for our instruction, that by perseverance and by the encouragement of the scriptures we may have hope. “
Paul quotes many passages from the book of Isaiah and his argument is that these things written by the prophet, as well as all of the Old Testament, were not written just for our entertainment. They were written for our instruction so that we would learn to endure suffering. The scriptures should be an encouragement for us so that we can have hope for a future. As you read the Old Testament, remember that God never wastes suffering. AW Tozer once said (paraphrasing): “God cannot use a man much until he has deeply hurt him.
Have you ever thought of the Old Testament as a teaching?
Do you see the Old Testament as an encouragement?
Why would the Old Testament help us persevere in this life?
Romans 15: 8 “For I say to you that Christ made himself a servant of the circumcised to show the truthfulness of God, in order to confirm the promises made to the patriarchs. “
If Jesus Christ came, not to be served but to serve, and even more, to give His life as a ransom for the multitude (Mark 10:45), why can’t we be servants of our brothers and sisters? Jesus came to be a servant of the (circumcised) Jews but also opened the way of salvation to all who would believe (Acts 4:12). These promises made to the patriarchs were firmly confirmed in Jesus’ earthly ministry, his sinless life, his sufferings, his crucifixion, his death and his resurrection. None of these precious promises have failed.
Who are the patriarchs?
Who were the circumcised?
Did Jesus only come for the circumcised?
Romans 15: 12-13 “And again Isaiah said, ‘The root of Jesse will come, even he who arises to rule over the Gentiles; in him the Gentiles hope. May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in faith, so that, through the power of the Holy Spirit, you may abound in hope. “
When John the Baptist came, it was a voice crying in the wilderness, but it was not a physical wilderness that he was going into, but a spiritual wilderness. The ground was parched by the human and legalistic traditions with which the Jews tried to overwhelm everyone. This root of Jesse was Jesus Christ who emerged from the desert that was Judea at the time. The Jews held their traditions above and above the Word of God and this made their place a wasteland for those who really wanted to know God.
Why is Jesus called “the root of Jesse?”
What characterizes the root?
Why can Gentiles (non-Jews) place their hope in Him?
Romans 15: 15-16 “But on certain points I have written to you very boldly as a reminder, because of the grace that God has given me to be a minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles in the priestly service of the Gospel of God, that the offering of the Gentiles may be pleasant, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.
Towards the end of the letter to the Romans, Paul wants to clarify the work of Jesus as the priestly service of God. The main difference was that He was the sacrifice. Christianity is the only religion where God demands a sacrifice and then provides it himself. The Gentiles had sacrifices so that others could hear the gospel and as Paul wrote it, “I hope to see you in passing as I make my way to Spain, and to be assisted on my journey by you, once I have enjoyed your company for a while. At present, however, I am going to Jerusalem to provide assistance to the Saints. For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make some contribution for the poor among the saints in Jerusalem ” (Rom 15: 24-26).
What was the offering made by the Gentiles?
What does it mean to be sanctified by the Holy Spirit?
What is a “priestly service?
In Romans 15: 30-31, Paul writes: “I call you, brethren, through our Lord Jesus Christ and through the love of the Spirit, to strive with me in your prayers to God on my behalf, that I may be delivered from unbelievers in Judea, and that my service for Jerusalem can be pleasing to the saints. Apparently the Jews were his worst enemy because at least he was treated fairly fairly by the Romans, being a Roman citizen, but in summary Romans 15 focused on the strong helping the weak, Jesus Christ saving the Gentiles and the Gentiles supporting the Jews in Jerusalem, many of whom had lost everything. This is what Paul wants us to build up our neighbor because there is enough “demolition” in the world as it is.
Article by Jack Wellman
Jack Wellman is the pastor of Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is also the senior editor of What Christians Want To Know, whose mission is to equip, encourage and energize Christians and answer questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Teaching Children the Gospel available on Amazon.