Romans 12: Bible Study, Commentary, and Summary


Here is a Bible study, commentary, and summary of Romans chapter twelve.

Romans 12: 1-2 “I call you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, who is your spiritual worship. Do not conform to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, so that as you test you can discern what is the will of God, which is good, pleasurable, and perfect.

In other words, our life is to be a living and continuing sacrifice like the ancient sacrifices given to God as an offering in the Old Testament. The only difference is that our lives include our time, our energy, our love, our money and our prayers and everything must be given as part of our worship to God. The word for “transformed” in verse 2 is the same word that is used for transfiguration that is recorded in Mark 9: 2-9 where Jesus allowed Peter, James and John to see the glory of God that Jesus had as God before he came to earth like a man. Sometimes the problem with being a living sacrifice is that we keep crawling off the altar.

Who is Paul talking about here?

In what ways can this be experienced?

Where do these verses apply?

When are there opportunities to experience this?

Why is this important?

How can we accomplish these orders?

Romans 12: 3-5 “For by the grace given to me I say to each one of you not to esteem yourself higher than you should think, but to think with sober judgment. , each according to the measure of faith that God has assigned. Because, as in one body, we have several members, and the members do not all have the same function.

Paul says we should value others better than ourselves. We can do this by serving others with the gifts God has given to each believer. There are no believers who can say that they don’t have gifts of the Holy Ghost, so we have no excuse to say that we cannot serve somewhere or someone in the church.

What does it mean to think soberly about yourself?

What does Paul mean when he says that God has assigned a measure of faith to everyone?

Do you know what gifts you have?

Romans 12: 6-8 “Having gifts which differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith; if service, in our service; he who teaches, in his teaching; the one who exhorts, in his exhortation; the one who contributes, in generosity; one who leads with zeal; one who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness.

Each believer has received a gift from God and these gifts are different for each of us. We may have the same gifts as others, but none of us have the exact same gifts. Some may be better at teaching while others excel at generosity. There is such a need in the church today for those who exhort, who are generous, who show mercy, and who teach. Any of these missing members or any member who does not use their donations is harming the church.

How can you use your freebies?

Who are these gifts for?

What does it mean to esteem others better than yourself?

How are your gifts to the glory of God?

Romans 12: 9-15 “Let love be genuine. Hate what is wrong; hold on to what is good. Love one another with brotherly affection. Besides the other in honor. Do not be lazy in zeal, be fervent in spirit, serve the Lord. Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulations, be constant in prayer. Contribute to the needs of the Saints and seek hospitality. Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse them. Rejoice with those who rejoice, cry with those who mourn.

Love is expressed in service, not just in words. He is patient, long-suffering, does not accuse, does not honor others, does not boast, is not vindictive, is harmonious, and let God be God and allow him to be judge. God is no respect for people and so we shouldn’t be either. God rejoices with us in our triumphs, suffers with us our losses, weeps with us in our mourning, and celebrates our victories with us, just as we should do the same with other members of the body of Christ.

What does Paul mean about sincere love?

In what ways can you bless those who persecute you?

Why does Paul say we shouldn’t blame others? Accuse them of what?

Have you associated with people of low standing? Who are these people?

What does it mean that God is no respect for people?

When was the last time you cried with someone who is crying?

When was the last time you celebrated someone’s triumph (or victory)?

Romans 12: 17-21 “Do not pay back evil for evil to anyone, but remember to do what is honorable in the eyes of all. If possible, as far as it depends on you, live in peace with all. Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave it to the wrath of God, for it is written: “Vengeance is mine, I will return it, says the Lord. On the contrary, “if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for by doing so, you will heap hot coals on his head. Do not let yourself be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good. “

When we repay others for persecuting or hurting us, we are taking God’s place as judge and party. Only a sovereign judge like God has the right and the authority to be judge over humanity. When we take matters into our own hands, we are nothing less than a self-defense crew and nothing good ever comes from human wrath. In fact, God loved us, called us and saved us even when we were his enemies (Rom 5:10), so when someone harms us, we must love him, pray for him and forgive him. because that is exactly what the grace of God is all about; it is unmerited, unmerited and unconditional.

Why is it important to do what is right for everyone?

How to feed a hungry enemy?

What does it mean to “heap hot coals on his head?” “

Do you know a Christian who took revenge with his own hands?

In what ways can we overcome evil with good?

Is it possible to live in peace with everyone?


By loving one another in and outside the church, sacrificing our lives to God and serving others, praying for those who hate us and forgiving when they don’t deserve it, we are more like God than we are. ‘at any other time. Through this love, they will know that we are children of God. And it’s a powerful magnet to draw others to Christ. What does it look like to you? How is it different for different people? What do you think others see when they see you? Jesus said this is how others will know that we are his disciples (John 13:35). If they don’t see this in you, they will never know your disciples of Jesus and that would be the most tragic!

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack Wellman is the pastor of Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is also the senior editor of What Christians Want To Know, whose mission is to equip, encourage and energize Christians and answer questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Teaching Children the Gospel available on Amazon.


Comments are closed.