Meaning and study of alpha and omega bible verses


What does the expression “Alpha and Omega” mean? Why is it important for Christians to know this?

The Greek alphabet

The Greek alphabet has been around since around the 8th century BC and is derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet. The first letter of the Greek alphabet is the letter Alpha or sometimes referred to as a capital A and as the English letter and it sounds the same as our letter “A”. Omega can be an uppercase and a lowercase “Ω ω” just like we have an uppercase A and a lowercase a. All ancient Greek knowledge is contained in this alphabet just like in the English alphabet where all knowledge is contained from A to Z. If you had a dictionary or an encyclopedia, think about the fact that all of our knowledge is basically found in these pages, starting with the letter A through Z. This is the first clue of what this verse means in relation to Jesus Christ.

Who is the Alpha and the Omega?

Who is this “Alpha and Omega” mentioned in the scriptures? This phrase is only mentioned three times in the whole Bible, but it is clearly about Jesus Christ. We find these three sentences in the book of Revelation where Jesus Christ said of himself: “I’m the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end”(Rev 22:13) meaning that He is the beginning of all things and the end of all things. He is everything from A to Z and everything in between, which is why He says He is the Alpha and the Omega. When Jesus said that he is the Alpha and the Omega, he said that he is the consuming of the whole Greek alphabet, which means that he is all and in all and the creator of all. The Alpha (A) and Omega (to Z) references were used in the New Testament because it was written in Greek and therefore Jesus is in fact the Beginner, as the Creator, and He is the end of all things. , which means that He will bring everything under His judgment (Rev 20: 12-15). God placed Jesus as Judge of all, the living and the dead.

Who was, is and is coming

Jesus, as God, has always existed. The Gospel of John indicates that “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him, and without him nothing was done that was done”(John 1: 1-3) therefore He was before all things and the Creator of all things and was with God in the beginning as the Word. The “Word” is of course Jesus Christ “And the Word was made flesh and lived among us, and we saw his glory, glory as of the Only Begotten of the Father, full of grace and of truth.”(John 1:14). We say this in his incarnation as being born of a virgin, coming in the flesh to save the flesh that he created by living a sinless life and giving his own life for our sins, so we can make sense of it. Jesus saying of himself: “I am the Alpha and the Omega ”, says the Lord God,who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty(Rev 1: 8). This verse tells us that Jesus was, and always is, and always will be. He is compared to Melchizedek who “is without father nor mother nor genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God he remains a priest forever(Heb 7: 3).

The beginning of the end

After the return of Jesus and after having judged the world with righteousness (Rev 20: 12-15), he will finally say: “It’s done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. To the thirsty I will give from the source of the water of life without payment“(Rev 21: 6) but no one knows the day or the hour of Jesus’ return as he said”no one knows this day and this hour, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone”(Mt 24:36). He told his disciples just before his ascension: “It is not for you to know the times or the dates which the Father has fixed on his own authority.(Acts 1: 7) therefore we have no business guessing or trying to predict when He will return; we’re just told to be ready before He comes back. I pray that you, if you are not already saved, repent and trust in Christ. The psalmist writes “do not harden your hearts, as in Meribah, as on the day of Massa in the desert“(95: 8) and”As it is said, “Today if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as in rebellion.”(Hey 3,15). The point is, although it is still called today, place your trust in Christ because “In a favorable time I listened to you and in a day of salvation I helped you” so “now is the right time; behold, now is the day of salvation»(2 Cor 6,2) because tomorrow may be too late.


Jesus is sure to return and when he returns he will either be your king and your lord or he will be your judge and executioner. Today is a good time to repent and trust in Christ because he might return that very day or you might die because “just as it is reserved for a man to die once, after which comes the judgment(Hey 9:27) and by then it will be way too late.

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack Wellman is the pastor of Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is also the senior editor of What Christians Want To Know, whose mission is to equip, encourage and energize Christians and answer questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Teaching Children the Gospel available on Amazon.


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